The Anawilundawa Bird Sanctuary is situated in the Puttalam district in the North Western province of the country; between Chilaw and Puttlam – to be more specific - it is situated between the coast and the Chilaw-Puttlam railway line.
The uniqueness of Anawilundawa is its immediate proximity to three vastly different ecosystems; the coast, the mangroves and the fresh water tanks making it one of the six RAMSAR Wetlands in Sri Lanka. This unique ecological setting has made it a favourable nesting and breeding ground for hundreds of species of birds.
RAMSAR is named after city in iran convention was signed in 1971, The Convention on Wetlands, called the Ramsar Convention, is the intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources, An ancient system of human-made cascading tanks or reservoirs, ranging between 12 and 50 hectares each and totaling some 200 ha, dating back to the 12th century, King Parakramabahu. which help to sustain traditional paddy fields in the area as well as islets of natural vegetation. These man-made wetlands are marvels of hydrological engineering, depicting a high degree of sophistication in their construction and design .
There are six large manmade tanks; Pinkattiya, Maradansola, Anawilundawa, Mayyawa, Surawila and Vellawali; and three peripheral tanks that form a complex irrigation system. In addition to being unique to the biogeographical region, the site harbors quite a few species of threatened fish, amphibians, rare birds, mammals, and especially reptiles and supports up to 40% of the vertebrate species found in Sri Lanka. The system serves as an important stopover for migratory birds and also supports about 50% of the country’s freshwater fish species, including at least three endemic species. Being Only 3-4 meters deep, it is a highly productive wetland with an array of zooplankton and phytoplankton, which also makes it extremely important for migratory fish.”
Most common birds found in Anawilundawa, Common Moorhen, Purple Heron, Grey Heron, Lesser Whistling Teal, Stork-Billed, Common, Pied & White-Breasted Kingfishers, Openbill, Purple Coot, Black-Backed Yellow Woodpecker, Gargeny, White-Bellied Sea Eagle, Grey-Headed Fish Eagle, , Cotton Teal, Indian Shag, Spoonbill, Large, Median & Little Egrets, Black-Winged Stilt, Brown Fish Owl .”
Some of the Bird species found here are a large breeding colony of Herons, the Open-bill, Great cormorant, White ibis, Egret, Stalk, Pheasant tailed jacna and the Purple swamp hen. A total of 20 species of mammals have been recorded here, this includes the Rusty spotted cat, Fishing cat, the Indian otter, Slender loris, Toque monkey and 74 species of butterflies. 131 species of water birds in addition to a few species of threatened Fish, Amphibians, Mammals, and Reptiles Most endemic and resident birds can be observed right through the year while the migrants are best seen between the months of October and April. 74 species of butterflies. It is also home to around 20 species of amphibians, 30 species of reptiles, 20 species of mammals including the Slender Loris and Rusty-spotted cat .”
How to go to kalpitiya to Anawilundawa Bird Sanctuary
Anawilundawa Bird Sanctuary 75 Km from Valampuri resort, You can get there by number of means bus or private vehicle. You can jump on any bus going to palavia junction, or any bus going in the direction of colombo. You have to, After passing Battuluoya railway station, you will see large factory on your left hand site; Tell the bus conductor stop at the next town Anawilundawa, bird sanctuary is 3 km from the town. ”